Pickling is a process by which a Python object hierarchy can be converted into a byte stream. The reverse operation of Pickling is Unpickling.
Python has a module named pickle. This module has the implementation of a powerful algorithm for serialization and de-serialization of Python object structure.
Some people also call Pickling as Serialization or Marshalling.
With Serialization we can transfer Python objects over the network. It is also used in persisting the state of a Python object. We can write it to a file or a database.