What are the different fetching strategies in Hibernate?

Hibernate 3 onwards there are following fetching strategies to retrieve associated objects:

  • Join fetching: In Join strategy Hibernate uses OUTER join to retrieve the associated instance or collection in the same SELECT.
  • Select fetching: In Select strategy, Hibernate uses a second SELECT to retrieve the associated entity or collection. We can explicitly disable lazy fetching by specifying lazy=”false”. By default lazy fetching is true.
  • Subselect fetching: In Subselect strategy, Hibernate uses a second SELECT to retrieve the associated collections for all entities retrieved in a previous query or fetch.
  • Batch fetching: In Batch strategy, Hibernate uses a single SELECT to retrieve a batch of entity instances or collections by specifying a list of primary or foreign keys. This is a very good performance optimization strategy for select fetching.
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